On this day in history – January 10,

several significant events unfolded, spanning various epochs. Let’s delve into some of the noteworthy occurrences that marked this day throughout history.


49 BC: Julius Caesar made a historic move as he crossed the Rubicon, signaling the commencement of a civil war.

9: The Western Han dynasty reached its conclusion as Wang Mang claimed the divine Mandate of Heaven, marking the inception of the Xin dynasty.

69: Galba appointed Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus as the deputy Roman Emperor.

236: Pope Fabian succeeded Anterus, becoming the twentieth pope of Rome.

1072: Robert Guiscard achieved the conquest of Palermo in Sicily for the Normans.

1430: Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, established the prestigious Order of the Golden Fleece, an exclusive and expensive chivalric order.

1475: Stephen III of Moldavia secured victory over the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.


1645: Archbishop William Laud faced execution by beheading for treason at the Tower of London.

1776: Thomas Paine published his influential pamphlet, Common Sense, during the American Revolution.

1791: The Siege of Dunlap’s Station commenced near Cincinnati as part of the Northwest Indian War.

1812: The first steamboat on the Ohio River or the Mississippi River arrived in New Orleans after an 82-day journey from Pittsburgh.

1861: Florida became the third state to secede from the Union during the American Civil War.

1863: The Metropolitan Railway, the world’s oldest underground railway, opened between Paddington and Farringdon, marking the birth of the London Underground.

1870: John D. Rockefeller incorporated Standard Oil.


1901: The first major Texas oil gusher was discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.

1916: Imperial Russia initiated the Erzurum Offensive in World War I, leading to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire’s Third Army.

1917: Seven survivors of the Ross Sea party were rescued after being stranded for several months during the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition.

1920: The Treaty of Versailles officially ended World War I for all combatant nations except the United States.

1927: Fritz Lang’s futuristic film Metropolis was released in Germany.

1941: The Greek army captured Kleisoura during World War II.

1946: The first General Assembly of the United Nations convened in the Methodist Central Hall, Westminster, with representatives from fifty-one nations.

1966: The Tashkent Declaration, a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, was signed.

1972: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returned to the newly independent Bangladesh as president after over nine months in prison in Pakistan.

1980: The New England Journal of Medicine published the letter “Addiction Rare in Patients Treated with Narcotics,” later misused to downplay the general risk of opioid addiction.

1985: Sandinista Daniel Ortega became president of Nicaragua, continuing the country’s transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba.

1990: Time Warner was formed by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications.

2000: Crossair Flight 498, a Saab 340 aircraft, crashed in Niederhasli, Switzerland, after taking off from Zurich Airport, resulting in the loss of 13 lives.

2007: A general strike began in Guinea in an attempt to get President Lansana Conté to resign.

2012: A bombing in Jamrud, Pakistan, killed at least 30 people and injured 78 others.

2013: Several bomb blasts in the Quetta area of Pakistan claimed the lives of more than 100 people and injured 270.

2015: A traffic accident between an oil tanker truck and a passenger coach near Gulshan-e-Hadeed, Karachi, on the Pakistan National Highway Link Road killed at least 62 people.

2019: Jayme Closs, a 13-year-old American girl, was found alive in Gordon, Wisconsin, after being kidnapped 88 days earlier from her parents’ home, where they were murdered.



626: Husayn ibn Ali, the third Shia Imam (d. 680).

1480: Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1530).


1607: Isaac Jogues, French priest, and missionary (d. 1646).

1644: Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French general (d. 1711).

1654: Joshua Barnes, English historian, and scholar (d. 1712).

1702: Johannes Zick, German painter (d. 1762).

1715: Christian August Crusius, German philosopher, and theologian (d. 1775).

1750: Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, Scottish-English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1823).

1760: Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, German composer and conductor (d. 1802).

1769: Michel Ney, French general (d. 1815).

1776: George Birkbeck, English physician, and academic, founded Birkbeck, University of London (d. 1841).

1780: Martin Lichtenstein, German physician, and explorer.

1802: Carl Ritter von Ghega, Italian-Austrian engineer, designed the Semmering railway (d. 1860).

1810: Ferdinand Barbedienne, French engineer (d. 1892).

1810: Jeremiah S. Black, American jurist and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of State (d. 1883).

1810: William Haines, English-Australian politician, 1st Premier of Victoria (d. 1866).

1823: Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev, Azerbaijani national industrial magnate and philanthropist (d. 1924).

1827: Amanda Cajander, Finnish medical reformer (d. 1871).

1828: Herman Koeckemann, German bishop and missionary (d. 1892).

1829: Epameinondas Deligeorgis, Greek lawyer, journalist and politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1879).

1834: John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, Italian-English historian and politician (d. 1902).

1840: Louis-Nazaire Bégin, Canadian cardinal (d. 1925).

1842: Luigi Pigorini, Italian paleontologist, archaeologist, and ethnographer (d. 1925).

1843: Frank James, American soldier, and criminal (d. 1915).

1848: Reinhold Sadler, American merchant and politician, 9th Governor of Nevada (d. 1906).

1849: Robert Crosbie, Canadian theosophist, founded the United Lodge of Theosophists (d. 1919).

1850: John Wellborn Root

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